What were at least 2 “pull” factors which attracted many African Americans move to northern and urban areas?


Read: F&H Chapters 15, 16, 17; Review:F&H Chapters 12, 13, 14)
Read:“Study Guide …” & other resources; View:”Malcolm X: Make it Plain” and “The Piano Lesson.”

Read about the various ways African American individuals and families took matters in their own hands, often without “leaders,” and moved/migrated from the south to the north (typically rural to urban areas), from World War I era through the modern civil rights period.  

Answer the following (with a fully developed paragraph per question/answer) in the “message” window:  

-How would you define or describe the African American”Great Migration” movement; and what is the general reason for this ‘demographic shift’ of AAs out of the South?

-What were at least 2 “push” factors which motivated many African Americans to move out of the rural south? 

What were at least 2 “pull” factors which attracted many African Americans move to northern and urban areas?

Identify and discuss at least 3 individuals (i.e., Malcolm X, Ida B. Wells, Richard Wright, Louis Armstrong, Zora NealHurston, Marcus Garvey …) who participated in the “Great Migration” and how their specific actions were examples of push/pull factors?

How is the Great Migration an example of any of the following classic Black leadership tactics – accommodation, radical-protest, nationalism? How so?

How did the Great Migration contribute to the Harlem Renaissance (1919-1935)?

-Do you think the Great Migration contributed to many African Americans’ switching political affiliation from the Republican party to the Democratic party (during the ); how so or not so?

After reading F&H chapters15-17,what are you left wondering about; What questions are left unanswered;and why? (Mandatory!)

Read:lecture notes; F&H (19) 20 & 21; view “Malcolm X: Make it Plain” documentary, Giddings, etc.
Read and explore the modern civil rights and Black Power movement (1950s-1970s); and consider how the classical leadership tactics -accommodation, radical-protest and nationalism – were used to achieve the modern Civil Rights and Black Power achievements, namely the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the 1965 Voting Rights Act, the establishment of Black Studies, Afrocentricity, Black Consciousness, Hip-hop, etc.

In essay format, answer the following questions (a full paragraph for each /answer) using supportive textual/resources details:

-Prior to the 1950-’60s modern civil rights movement, which one or more of the leadership/organizational tactics – accommodation, radical-protest and nationalism – do you find was most effective in the fight for civil rights?
-What are specific examples of how accommodation, radical-protest and/or nationalism tactics were used in the Modern (1950s-’60s) Civil Rights movement (Montgomery Bus Boycott, SNCC, SCLC, …)?

-How were the Civil Rights movement activities (voting registration and education campaigns, desegregation demands, boycotts, …) and the Black Power movement (Black Studies, Kwanzaa, African cultural revival, …) different in their approach, and accomplishments? 

-Having explored the modern and Black Power movement, what are you left wondering about and why? What questions remain unanswered in your mind and why? (Mandatory!)