TABLE 8-1: Preinstructional strategies

This week we will look closely at four different methods of pre-instructional strategies for introducing an instructional unit; pretest, objectives, overview, an advance organizer.  We see that each of the four strategies has specific applications for use in creating a better introduction for the unit. I’m looking forward to reading each of your discussion posts this week.

Make sure you listen to the lecture before posting in this week’s discussion because it breaks everything down very well!

TABLE 8-1: Preinstructional strategies

Strategy Function Content Structure Learner Task Attributes
Pretests Alert the student to what is expected Length of the instruction is relatively short and loosely structured Above-average IQ, older, or more mature learners Learners should have some familiarity with the content if the questions are to be meaningful
Behavioral objectives Preciselyinform the student of what is expected Used to preface a passage of fewer than 2,500 words Middle-ability students Works best with traditional methods such as lectures
Overviews Prepare the learners for the learning task Little or no structure Lower-ability students Facts
      Higher-ability students Concepts
Advance organizer Conceptual framework needed to clarify content for learner Should have a dominant structure Above-average ability, maturity, and sophistication Factua