ASSIGNMENT: Directions (sculpture discussion board)
Directions: Discussion Board (sculpture)
– famous sculptures to pick from
Video: 20 famous sculptures (You pick your one sculpture from this video)
** Please Note ** : I recommend muting the sound (which is ”music”–no narration) during this . The focus should be the sculpture, not the background music. The background music is, to me, distracting at best and a slap in the face to music itself, at worst. There is nothing to hear here.
We have 20 sculptures in total. Please make a note of each as they appear on screen, as that will be your list of choices for the assignment. Pick only one of the 20 presented.
Also note: Unless you possess very little knowledge about the Statue of Liberty (which is on the list), do not pick. Choose a statue you don’t know much about (but desire to learn more). There are many on the list you probably haven’t studied in the past.
This discussion board is comprised of two parts:
1) Self-reflection: You have 20 famous sculptures from which to choose for this project; the video with the 20 artifacts is just below in this module. This is not a ”paper.” It is a weekly assignment. For the grading criteria, please see the rubric attached to the assignment.
Once you choose one of the 20 to research, you can begin your post. (AVOID the Statue of Liberty as your choice unless you know nothing about it already — highly unlikely). In at least one or two full (five to seven sentences per paragraph), please explain why you picked your choice over the other 19 that are presented. Is there a personal connection? Do you think the art is historically/politically/socially/geographically/religiously, etc. significant? Perhaps the symbolism of the art elevated it on your short list? In sum, for you, what makes this piece more worthy of your time than the other 19? In this part only, you may use the first person (”I,” ”me,” ”my”). Avoid the 2nd person (”you”) to refer to just anyone.
2) Objective research: The majority of your post will be devoted to reporting what you have learned about your chosen piece. Rather than provide direct quotes from source information, you should instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words and giving proper credit (attribution) to your source.
One Word of Caution…:
For this discussion board, you will rely on scholarly research, but all of your post must be your own writing. Do not include direct quotes; just reveal your paraphrased source information by author and/or title of article. Do not copy / paste from any source; this is plagiarism. Everything in the post should come from you or, if it is paraphrased from a source, you must provide attribution (”credit”) in two places: within the post, and the works cited at the end of the post.
What is paraphrasing?
Pretend that the following is from a source you found on a database. The article is by Jane Lewis, and she writes this:
”Recently, there has been much discussion about restorations and repairs to Christ the Redeemer. The sometimes harsh climate takes its toll on the statue, but the biggest threat is lightning. It is estimated that persistent strikes to the statue cause much more damage than any other natural force, including acid rain and wind.”
In your post, you want to report this information by Lewis, but you know the directions forbid direct quotes. Therefore, rather than quote it, you report the information in your own words while giving credit to the source (which is called a paraphrase). from student’s post:
Of course, keeping the beloved statue healthy is a top priority, but some forces can’t be controlled. According to Jane Lewis in her article ”Christ the Redeemer: Nature’s Impact,” the biggest threat to the art is not acid rain or wind, but lightning (18).
Note that the student introduces both the author and the title of the article — the latter of which is optional as long as the author’s name is there — but there is no direct quote; the student has borrowed ideas but has not quoted. (If the student paraphrases from this same article multiple times, he or she does not have to type out the title over and over again. The student would just refer again to Lewis when the information is paraphrased). Since the article has page numbers, we include the page number in the citation. If this were an article from the internet that lacked page numbers, we could skip the citation entirely since we have already identified the author at the beginning of the paraphrase. If the article is a web source that lacks page numbers but has clearly distinct paragraphs, cite the paragraph number by using the abbreviation ”par.”, e.g. (par. 3).
Like all academic research, your first stop should be the databases. If after searching multiple databases you can’t find information that is appropriate for your post, you can branch out to credible internet sources. Wikipedia is never an academic source. Also watch out for other online encyclopedias which offer nothing but dry, general and generic information which may or may not be accurate.
For this second part of the assignment, share with the class what you learned during your research. Write at least (more is better) two full paragraphs (five to seven sentences each–at least) about what you learned. Do cite your sources within your paragraphs by identifying the author and the page number (or paragraph number if you have that but you lack page numbers) and then again at the end of the post. (See the sample posts and descriptions within this module for an example). Provide a MLA citation at the end that shows where you obtained the source(s). See the online (Links to an external site.) resources for information about how to cite from online databases or from websites. You should state in your post where you got the information. Example: ”According to Prof. James Lewis in an article in the Journal of Sculpture and Pictorial Art, the famous mermaid in Denmark, although rather small compared to some other pieces, is famous because … ” [you get the idea]
(Why is the title of the journal above in italics? The titles of journals appear in italics; the titles of specific articles within journals should appear in quotes, not italics).
At the end of your post, supply your Works Cited information. Canvas plays tricks with formatting sometimes, so don’t worry about the hanging indent in discussion board posts. (”Hanging indent” is the ”backwards” indentation you find in Works Cited pages, i.e. the first line of the entry is not indented but all subsequent lines are indented five spaces).
For Part Two, avoid the 1st person (I, me, my) and the 2nd person (you). Stay in the present tense when presenting source information, even if the researcher is deceased. Example: ”Jenkins observes” rather than ”Jenkins observed.”
Finally, if you find something interesting about another student’s or students’ post(s), you can reply.
You should write at least one to two full paragraphs (five to seven sentences per paragraph) for PART ONE and and at least two paragraphs (five to seven sentences per paragraph) for PART TWO. Label them as ”Part one” and ”Part two.” If you are hoping for a top grade, you must go beyond the minimum requirements.
Sample posts: Grade of ”A” vs. ”C” vs. ”F”
Sample Discussion Board posts:
Grade of ”A” vs. ”C” vs. ”F.”
For this hypothetical ”Part Two” example, imagine that you receive the following assignment:
SAMPLE ONLY: ”For this discussion board, consider one of the sculptures we studied in this unit. Write at least three full paragraphs (five to seven sentences each, minimum) in which you analyze your chosen art through multiple contexts (i.e., contextual analysis). These contexts might be biographical, historical, political, religious/spiritual, economic, etc, depending upon the piece you choose. REMEMBER: You MUST provide proper attribution (credit) to any and all sources you use in your post. This is not a ”paper,” so you do not have to conform to MLA guidelines, but you must identify all sources on which you relied. Check these sources for accuracy, especially if they are web-based sources (as opposed to scholarly sources from the library’s databases) .”
SAMPLE ENTRY: Grade of ”A” or very high ”B”
PART TWO: For my sculpture, I chose Christ the Redeemer, from Brazil. Christ the Redeemer is a 124-foot-tall statue of Jesus Christ that sits atop a mountain overlooking the city of Rio de Janeiro. According to Mark Holston in his article “Statue of Christ the Redeemer”, the monument has been the essence of Rio for 87 years (11). The people who inhabit Rio, also known as Cariocas, have a very passionate and deep relationship with the statue, and there is obvious reason for this. The statue is impossible to miss. One can see Christ the Redeemer cradling the city with his 92-foot arm span from nearly any angle in the city. The statue was placed strategically. The environment it surrounds has many neighborhoods that hang on the side of mountains, beautiful bays, and beaches (Holston 12).
The statue took a team effort to create. Holston states that Paul Landowski designed the giant statue and it was built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa in collaboration with Albert Caquot (12). Every part of the statue was created by Heitor and Albert except for the head, which was built by Gheorghe Leonida. Starting in 2000, a campaign was created to choose the new 7 wonders of the world (Holston 14). It doesn’t surprise most people that this statue made it onto the list; how could one not choose it? The mere size of this statue would compel most to add it to the list immediately, with its 124-foot tall presence, and 92-foot arm span, with each hand weighing nearly 8 tons (Holston 14).
Holston points out the irony of erecting the statue in Rio, which is known historically as being hedonistic (12). Although this statue gives off a strong religious appeal, it is still admired by not only nearly everyone in Rio, but most people who view it in general. In fact, Holston states that most people don’t even visit the statue for its religious appeal; they visit it because it has become a tourist site (14). Not only is this a good thing for the Carioca (the ”locals”), but it is also good for Christianity, because it is one of the few known religious monument to attract people of all kinds. Holston goes on to list a few Cariocans who had something to say about the statue. Some of these include “I don’t believe in the existence of God; my feelings are based only [on] aesthetics”. These examples reinforce the idea that most Cariocans look to the statue not as a symbol of religion, but as a symbol of Rio itself (Holston 16).
Holston, Mark. “Statue of Christ the Redeemer.” Americas, vol. 60 no. 3, 2008, pp. 6-13. (Links to an external site.)
Why this post earns a high grade: I have used the highlight feature to draw your attention to the student’s attempt to offer proper attribution to the source; you would not use yellow highlight in your actual post. This sample post is interesting, well-written (for the most part), and the source used is academic in nature (i.e., from the databases). It goes above the minimum requirement of five sentences per each paragraph. Throughout the post, the student gives proper credit by mentioning the source by name. ALL information derived from the source material is identified within the post, and the appears at the bottom of the post. (The student would have scored even higher if he or she had relied on multiple sources instead of one–even if that meant pulling from credible web sources and not database sources). The grade would also be higher if the student had exceeded the minimum paragraph count. If you do the minimum, don’t expect the top grade.
DESCRIPTION OF HYPOTHETICAL ENTRY: GRADE OF ”C”
An average (grade of ”C”) entry meets the minimum requirements. ALL sources are cited, and the required minimums for the number of paragraphs and number of sentences per paragraph are met. It may contain some punctuation, spelling and/or grammatical errors, but these are not severe enough to obscure the meaning of the post or distract from the student’s credibility to the point that one doubts the post’s accuracy. The information is factual and there is no plagiarism, but only the minimum requirement is met, and the information provided is ”dry,” i.e. from an internet-based encyclopedia instead of one or more scholarly sources.
The grade of ”C” is average (satisfactory) for college work.
DESCRIPTION OF HYPOTHETICAL ENTRY: GRADE OF ”F” (below 60%)
In this scenario, the entry does not meet minimum requirements. It might be two paragraphs instead of three–or it might meet the minimum for the number of paragraphs yet each paragraph contains fewer than the minimum number of full sentences (per paragraph) required on the assignment sheet.
Perhaps not all sources are cited (within the post and/or at the end = plagiarism) and there may be significant grammar and punctuation errors. Some of the post (but not all) may be unintentionally plagiarized, e.g. parts may be ”lifted” directly from an outside source with no attribution / citation.
SAMPLE ENTRY: GRADE OF ”F” (few to no points)
”For my post, I chose ”Christ the Redeemer” from Rio. I think this sculpture is awesome because it is so big. It towers over the city and the beach beyond, where it has stood for over 87 years. Many people come to visit it each year. It is made of stone and it was a real feat to build it where they did. People in Rio see it more of a symbol of their city and not so much a religious icon.
In fact, this sculpture was on the list for ”new wonders of the world.” I can see why because so many people visit this famous statue. It is really incredible. Many people had to work very hard to make this work a reality.”
Why this post earns a solid ”F” :
The post is a series of unsupported generalizations steeped in ambiguous language, and in the first person (which should be avoided). The source(s) on which the student relied (if any) are never identified. (How does the student know it has been there for 87 years? What about other statements in the post that came from source information? That isn’t cited = plagiarism). The minimum requirements for the post are not met by any means; we see only two small blurbs, neither of which could be considered a paragraph per the directions. The post is very vague, containing words such as ”big,” ”awesome,” and ”incredible.” What do these words mean, exactly?
As always, please write with any .
TRANSITION: Academic Research
The following four ”homemade” videos are designed to help you find appropriate peer-reviewed sources for academic research. If you are taking this class in a hybrid format, we will cover the content of all videos titled ”Academic Research” in class during our Week Six meeting. If you are taking this course fully online (or if you are enrolled in a hybrid course section but elect to not attend class in person this week), you will need to watch these videos and take notes. If your class meets twice a week (traditional), we will cover all materials in class, in person — but if you miss class, you will need to review the materials online. Academic research skills will be critical for not just this course, but so many others throughout your educational journey.
A peer-reviewed (also called ”scholarly”) source is one that has been vetted by experts. These are NOT internet-based sources; rather, we use the internet to access the databases that contain them. They are journal articles that are reviewed by teams of experts prior to being published in an academic journal; publication may be on paper, in electronic form, or both. No matter how it is done, the item is digitally stored in databases (to which EFSC subscribes) and you have access to all of them. (When I was an undergraduate, this resource did not exist. If I needed a peer-reviewed article, I walked to the library. There was no other way).
Peer-reviewed journal articles are more reliable for academic research than internet-based sources (like you would find using Google), and for several reasons. Most anyone with rudimentary computer skills can post anything (true, false, or somewhere in between) on the internet. In contrast, a reputable journal will not risk its reputation by publishing false, misleading, outdated, biased, and/or skewed information. You can be sure you are getting the most reliable info out there. That doesn’t mean they are ”right,” but they have been vetted to ensure they are academically sound, i.e. accurate (even if you disagree with the argument being made).
Again, I can’t stress enough that learning how to navigate these databases is not something that you need only for HUM 1020. These skills are necessary in any college class in which research is required. That is a lot of classes. :
English composition 1 & 2
English literature (any level)
All health sciences (including nursing)
All behavioral and social sciences (including psychology and sociology)
All research projects in the physical sciences (including biology, chemistry, etc.) ……and the list goes on…
Therefore, in terms of a more universal importance, there is nothing we have done thus far this semester that is as important as the research skills explained in the coming module items. As always, write with any questions or confusions.