Responsibilities and Competence of a Forensic psychologist
Like any other professionals, forensic psychologists are expected to portray the highest-level responsibilities and expertise. Being a psychologist in the legal field demands high expression of both ethical and professional values. That is because psychologists are the mostly and severally held accountable in various court cases, on several insights revolving around cases. It is a requirement for any o for any forensic practitioner to take full charge of legal expectations and obligations in any services and duty related to various professionalism.
On top of that, field interaction with the public and other people demands forensic psychologist to be aware, and adhere to much of the ethical values learned during the course work and as well as through experience. Ignorance of most the values, responsibilities’, and competence nullify the professionalism and legitimacy of the services offered by the forensic psychologist. This annotated bibliography essay seeks to evaluate and discuss various responsibilities and competencies re expected for a forensic psychologist.
American Psychological Association. (2002). Criteria for practice guideline development and evaluation. American Psychologist, 57, 1048.
This online organizational journal articulates on the criteria that a forensic psychologist must adhere when undertaking a forensic evaluation. Besides, the journal also comments on the responsibilities that a psychologist specializing in the forensic field must embrace in the line of duty.
Among such responsibilities include the integrity of a professional forensic psychologist. That is, the practitioners in the same field should strive to give accurate information. On the same note, they (Forensic psychologists) should ensure honesty, and truth prevails in the practice and teaching of Forensic Psychology. That implies that a Forensic psychologist should resist and cease from any external pressure that may lead to information that is misleading as well as inaccurate as per the requirement of case proceedings.
On top of that, integrity is also included during the reporting of research cases findings and dissertations. Sometimes, it is likely that a report is done in no way with bias. However, that doesn’t mean that one presenting it in a court case will do it without making a mistake deliberately on without consent. An integral practitioner should ensure that no mistake is made while standing before the court of law gives detailed psychological insights necessary. On the same note, the one involved during result reporting should reduce errors as much as possible, all that proves integrity in the psychology profession.
American Psychological Association. (2004). Guidelines for psychological practice with older adults. American Psychologist, 59, 4, 236–260.
This online article reports of the required code of conduct and practices of a Forensic psychologist. It holds more on the way of handling cases of differently aged agents, for instance, the old people and adults.
As one responsibility of Forensic psychologist, any practitioner is required to uphold and embrace impartiality and fairness. To note, this ethical code (impartiality and justice) is to apply to any services that are offered in the field of Forensic Psychology. That may include a decision making, a forensic research, as well as forensic services.
The article states that one should remain unbiased in forensic research especially on data collection, recording, and even the interpretation. On the same note, providing Forensic Psychology services, a practitioner should seek to provide both perspectives. That avoids impartial, incomplete, and inaccurate conclusions from a study.
As with the point above, impartiality must be developed with even in the presentation of data and findings. To note, the impartiality can also to be manifested through biased tones as one gives out the report. The ethically professional morally upright person will only report with neutral and un-suggestive tones, especially when the case is sensitive and likely to cause significant reactions from the general public. As a fact, failure to that can easily distort a case, which may lead to a forensic psychologist to be aligned in a court of law.
Australian Psychological Society (1986). Code of Professional Conduct. Melbourne: Australian Psychological Society.
This organizational journal entirely records of the required code and ethics, and the professional responsibilities of a Psychologist in the Forensic field. Also, the journal records the primary considerations when offering a professional’s services.
Avoiding conflicts of interest are one code, as well as the expected responsibility, that is of primary concern for a practitioner in the same field.
As a way of maintaining public confidence, a Forensic psychologist is supposed to refrain from any outside interest beyond professionally forensic role. Sometimes, for instance, personal, financial, or even a scientific interest could contribute to the impartially of the process. That helps in the entire field in maintaining the responsibility, obligation as well the accountability of Forensic psychologists.
Besides, such an effort helps in keeping the required picture perception of the public towards the forensic psychology field. The fact that a forensic psychologist equally advises a court of law like every other party in a case implies that the public has equal expectation from psychologists. In other words, the community expects the forensic practitioners to conduct and behave themselves in a way that is not being put to doubt. On top of that, a case where one is held accountable, s/he should prove un- biased from personal and any other form of interest. That is, the professionalism is to be maintained by keeping away from any other form external forces undermining soberness of decisions from psychologists.
Appelbaum, P. S. (1988) “The New Preventative Detention: Psychiatry’s Problematic Responsibility for the Control of Violence”, American Journal of Psychiatry 145: 779–785.s
The article reports on the preventive measures against a violence resulting from a Forensic psychologist especially when a case can easily result in violence. On top of that, the article reports on the manageable ways of improving safety in dealings of Forensic Psychology.
The significantly highlighted aspect is the scope of competence of Forensic psychologist. To note, determining a professional competence towards offering a certain service will demand various considerations, for instance, relative complexity and the specialty of the service. Considering the relevant training of Psychologist as well as the preparation of the personnel increases the confidence of competence of a professional.
Besides, the article recommends on colleague consultations when a certain service seems difficult to accomplish by one expert. It is always advisable to always consult not only in the forensic psychology practice but also in all fields of practices. Consulting implies one’s decision will be reflecting different minds even through the present as unitary, one mind. That also means that a point consulted from different thoughts will be accurate and considered compared to that from solitary minds. On the same note, consulting another psychologist gives a chance to learn from another counterpart, over an insight that you did not know. As a result, competency is enhanced among professionals as well as the reports coming out from the same guys.
Blackburn, R. (1996) “What Is Forensic Psychology?” Legal and Criminological Psychology 1: 3–16.
This journal article by Blackburn highlights more on insights concerning Forensic Psychology as well as the expectations of its practitioners. To note, the paper considers the requirements of a Forensic psychologist as far as gaining and maintaining competence is concerned. Besides, the article recommends on how one can do to keep competence in the services delivery.
Forensic psychologists are required to employ all possible approaches towards gaining the ultimate knowledge of the field. That may include a combination of coursework education, training, field and supervised experience, as well as consultations that a professional can employ while gaining competence. Every of the above sources of skills and competence has its way of imparting knowledge to a psychologist. On the same points, a variety of knowledge sources implies that one will be privileged and versatile to maneuver in any case s/he faces along. That also suggests that his/her relevance in the field will have been improving thus, s/he can deliver quantity. A psychologist who is interested in more relevant must rely on various sources of experiences.
Besides, maintenance efforts include keeping a broad range of developments in the field of psychology and law. Such efforts come as the primary responsibilities that help a professional in remaining competent for of the sake of relevance. Relaxing in the field after one graduate to practice forensic psychology, s/he can only add value to him/herself by engaging in projects and developments, which also ends up giving special skills and .
British Psychological Society (1991). Code of Conduct, Ethical Principles, and Guidelines. Leicester:
This online organizational journal highlights several codes of conducts, ethical principles, and guidelines in the field of Forensic Psychology. On top of that, the article highly emphasizes on the ethics or expectations from a practitioner of this field.
The highly prevalent idea passed through in the course is the need to represent competencies in the service delivery of Forensic psychologists. Regarding that, practitioners in the Forensic Psychology should ensure consistency of their services with those of Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, EPPCC. In other words, they should adequately and in an accurate manner informs the recipients of their services on the way they become qualified as well their experiences in the same field. That may seem as irrelevant but significantly contributes to the expression of a responsible Psychologist.
Notably, a follow up on ethics, code, and conduct is a way to harmonize services standard across the world. Rarely will you see a deviation of reports’ results undertaken from the same field study. On the same note, follow- up of study ethics, and standards avails competence to any practitioner around the world. Close adherence and consideration of the required standards from Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct will improve one’s relevance and reliability in the forensic psychology field. As a result, the competence expected from a psychologist is achieved; hence one can perfectly represent the field expertise in the society.
British Psychological Society Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic psychologists. (1991). Specialty guidelines for forensic psychologists. Law and Human Behavior.
Same as the above article, the above organizational journal records on the ethical guidelines towards a qualified as a well as a versatile Forensic practitioner. On top of that, the journal gives special guidelines that are important to Forensic psychologist in ensuring a smooth interaction of both the psychology field and law.
As one of enhancing competence in oneself, a practitioner is required to familiarize him/herself with the legal systems and the legal rights of the individual. That is, a professional Forensic psychologist should endeavor to obtain some reasonable and fundamental knowledge concerning the legal and professional standards, precedents, as well as the rules governing the participation of psychologist in the law field especially in the legal proceedings.
That is profoundly important in the enhancing a professional way of presenting a case research in a court of law without infringing the rules governing the interaction.
Grisso, T. (1986). Evaluating competencies: Forensic assessments and instruments. New York, NY: Plenum.
This article from Grisso records on various considerations and factors to consider when assessing the competence of a forensic practitioner. Besides, the reports s on the required assessments tools that one can employ to determine the reliability of a Forensic psychologist.
As one of the assessment, ascertaining the knowledge of the scientific foundations as it applies to the opinions and testimony is very useful in the same course. That is, forensic practitioners are expected to provide views and declarations that are highly grounded on the scientific foundations. Besides, the reliability of and valid principle methods applied in the case helps in the whole course of assessing a competency of a Forensic psychologists.
As a responsibility to the practitioners, one is to ensure containing the status as well as the limitations of the method used, especially when it is an emerging principle that is not familiar to many.
In conclusion, the paper has evaluated the responsibilities of a forensic psychologist. Besides, it (essay) has evaluated various ethical values that a psychology practitioner is expected to embrace especially specializing in the forensic field. For instance, integrity as one key quality expected from a professional is dissenting information that is accurate from the finding. Impartiality and fairness are the other values that advocates reporting on the information is not skewed in one side of the concern. Besides, Forensic psychologist is supposed to refrain from any outside interest. On top of that, the paper has evaluated the competencies requirements that a forensic psychologist must express to qualify in the same field. To note, determining a professional competence towards offering a certain service will demand various considerations for instance relative complexity and the specialty of the service. That would ascertain the competency that will be expressed by a certain employee in the course. Competency may include a combination of coursework education, training, field and supervised experience, as well as consultations. Considering the relevant training of Psychologist, and ensure consistency of their services with those of Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Familiarize him/herself with the legal systems and the legal rights of individual and ascertaining the knowledge of the scientific foundations as it applies to the opinions and testimony is very useful to proving of one’s competency.