Effect of Heat Stress on Hydration and Athlete Performance Essay

Effect of Heat Stress on Hydration and Athlete Performance Essay

Description: This is part of my research review on the effect of heat stress on hydration and athlete performance. I added a Bibliography below but feel free to find other sources. Each section should have its own paragraph and starts with the intro ends with the conclusion. On main point 2, each paragraph needs to be supported by at least three recent studies. Thank you. 


Section  1. – (Environmental)

  1. Physiological Effects of Exertional Heat Stress
    1. Thermoregulation 
  2. Heat related illness in Athletes
    1. Heat exhaustion
    1. Heat stroke
    1. Heat cramps
  3. Effects of Exertional Heat Stress on Performance and Health
    1. Cardiovascular system 
    1. Cognitive function
    1. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance During Heat Stress

Section  2. Strategies and prevention guidelines

  • Strategies for Fluid and Electrolyte Intake Before, During, and After Exercise
    • Pre exercise Fluid and Electrolyte Intake
    • Post exercise Fluid and Electrolyte Intake
    • Fluid and Electrolyte Intake During Exercise
  • Nutritional Pre- and Per-Cooling Strategies During Exercise
    • Ice-slurry beverages
    • Sports drinks
    • Coconut Water
    • Menthol
    • Foods That Can Help Prevent Dehydration and Heat related illness
  • Heat stress prevention guideline


Schleh, M. W., & Dumke, C. L. (2018). Comparison of Sports Drink Versus Oral Rehydration Solution During Exercise in the Heat. Wilderness & environmental medicine, 29(2), 185–193.

Apala Chaubey. “Comparitive Study on Coconut Water, Carbohydrate Electrolyte Sports Drink and Sodium Enriched Coconut Drink on Measures of Hydration and Physical Performance in Athletes.” IOSR Journal of Sports and Physical Education (IOSR-JSPE) 4.3 (2017): 46-51

MacLeod, H., Cooper, S., Bandelow, S., Malcolm, R., & Sunderland, C. (2018). Effects of heat stress and dehydration on cognitive function in elite female field hockey players. BMC sports science, medicine & rehabilitation, 10, 12.

Alhadad, S. B., Tan, P., & Lee, J. (2019). Efficacy of Heat Mitigation Strategies on Core Temperature and Endurance Exercise: A Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in physiology, 10, 71. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00071

S Daisy. Healthy food for balancing hydration during sport. The Pharma Innovation Journal 2020; 9(12): 178-179

Das, R., Sailo, L., Verma, N., Bharti, P., Saikia, J., Imtiwati, & Kumar, R. (2016). Impact of heat stress on health and performance of dairy animals: A review. Veterinary world, 9(3), 260–268.

Andrew S. Perrotta1,2, Nicholas J. Held1,2, and Darren E.R Warburton1,2. The Effect of Heat Stress on Health and Performance. Health & Fitness Journal of Canada 2016;9(4):3-17.

Zehr, Reed, “Hydrating with Coconut Water, Water or Gatorade® Results in Similar Basketball Fitness & Skill Performance During a Simulated Basketball Game” (2019). Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository. 6497.https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd/6497

 Naito, T., Haramura, M., Muraishi, K., Yamazaki, M., & Takahashi, H. (2020). Impact of Ice Slurry Ingestion During Break-Times on Repeated-Sprint Exercise in the Heat. Sports medicine international open, 4(2), E45–E52.

Ogden, H. B., Child, R. B., Fallowfield, J. L., Delves, S. K., Westwood, C. S., & Layden, J. D. (2020). The Gastrointestinal Exertional Heat Stroke Paradigm: Pathophysiology, Assessment, Severity, Aetiology and Nutritional Countermeasures. Nutrients, 12(2), 537. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020537

McCubbin AJ, Allanson BA, Caldwell Odgers JN, et al. Sports Dietitians Australia Position Statement: Nutrition for Exercise in Hot Environments [published online ahead of print, 2020 Dec 31]. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2020;1-16. doi:10.1123/ijsnem.2019-0300

Sharifah B. Alhadada,b,c,1, Ivan C.C. Lowb,1, Jason K.W. Leeb,d,e. Thermoregulatory responses to ice slurry ingestion during low and moderate intensity exercises with restrictive heat loss. Sports Medicine Australia. 1440-2440/© 2020.

Jeffries, O., & Waldron, M. (2019). The effects of menthol on exercise performance and thermal sensation: A meta-analysis. Journal of science and medicine in sport22(6), 707–715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.12.002